HBA1C (Glycosylated Haemoglobin)
This test is performed in order to assess past three months average blood glucose level. HBA1c should be routinely monitored at every 3 months in all insulin treated patients.In certain clinical situations such as diabetic pregnancy (Gestational Diabetes) or a major change in therapy more frequent monitoring of every 4 weeks is recommended.
Apolipoproteins - A1 & B
This special test is useful in the diagnosis of cardiovascular risk.Apolipoproteins are protein component of lipoproteins(LDL,HDL,VLDL,etc.). Apo A1 is Apoprotein of HDL,Apo B is Apoprotein of LDL.Apolipoproteins level helps us to assess the risk of cardiovascular events.Recent studies showed that Apolipoproteins are more specific than lipid levels in assessing Cardiovascular risk.
HS-CRP (High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein)
It is also a marker for cardiovascular disease.It is one of the acute phase protein.Serum levels of hs-crp will be incresed in inflammatory conditions such as cardiovascular disease,rheumatoid arthritis etc.
Lipids play an important role in all aspects of biological life. TGL,TOTAL CHOLESTEROL, HDL CHOLESTEROL, LDL CHOLESTEROL, VLDL CHOLESTEROL levels present in serum are measured to assess CHD(coronary heart disease) and atherosclerosis.
Micro Albumin/creatinine ratio
The rate of excretion of of Microalbumin in the urine (30 to 300 ug/mt) is microalbuminurira.With the help of microalbumin/creatinine ratio diabetic nephropathy can be detected in the early stages.
Kidney Function Tests
Blood urea, Serum creatinine, Uric acid, Serum Electrolytes, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous levels are measured to diagnose Kidney diseases.
Liver function test
Serum bilirubin total and direct, SGOT, SGPT, Alkaline phosphatase, protein, albumin, globulins, A/G ratio are measured to assess the liver.
Foot care clinic
This test is performed to detect blood circulation and blood velocity. It is used for screening
pheripheral arterial disease, neuropathy and infections in the arteries.
This test is used to check nerve sensation in the foot. It is used to rule out diabetic neuropathy.
It is used to detect pressure points in the foot for designing suitable footware which will effectively offload the pressure points and ultimately save the limb.
ECG (Electro cardiogram)
An Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an electrical recording of the heart and is used in the investigation of heart diseases. An ECG is used to measure the rate and regularity of heartbeats, as well as the size and position of the chambers and the presence of any damage to the heart.
Diabetic Retinopathy Screening test (Eye checkup)
Damage of retina caused by diabetic complications which can eventually lead to blindness is known as Retinopathy and usually affects both eyes. People who have diabetic retinopathy often don't notice changes in their vision immediately but as it progresses diabetic retinopathy usually causes vision loss.
Diabetes is a disease that can affect the whole body including mouth. Dental care is particularly important for people with diabetes because they a higher risk of oral health proplems due to poorly controlled blood sugar. Uncontrolled diabetes causes dry mouth and can further lead to soreness, ulcers, infections, tooth decay. People with Diabetes are more likely to have infections of their gums and bones that hold the teeth in place (gingivitis&periodontis).